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Dogs are domestic animals that have been growing in relevance over the centuries as animal companions. They have unique characteristics that humans have been looking for in animals so they can be excellent workers, companions, and pets.
Dogs belong to the caninae family, that is, canids. Every member of this family has the same physical traits, such as wolves, coyotes, foxes, jackals, and dogs. Dogs have four limbs, a strong body, a powerful jaw with well-developed teeth and wonderful endurance and speed.
Dogs, as we know them today, are derived from the wild wolf, that is, they descend from the same evolution of socialization with humans. Human beings were capable of training these wild animals and making them people-friendly in exchange for rewards.
It all started as a convenient relationship for both parties. The wolf followed human’s orders and protected the town from different types of natural threats. In return, they received food and treats. This way, men got protection, and wolves obtained food without much effort.
People scattered throughout the world, taking wolves with them to different locations. This migration caused them to reproduce among themselves, creating the currently known «dog breeds», each with its characteristics resulting from hundreds of crosses between specimens of said town or region. That is why all breeds have different physical and psychological characteristics.
Dogs are friendly animals that can obey human beings, caring about learning everything they have to teach them. In return, as at the start of the man-dog relationship, they expect treats, caresses, or encouraging words when they do a good job.
Dogs are extremely famous pets thanks to their remarkable skill to communicate, including urine traces, vocalizations, howls, and, of course, the well-known barking. Some dogs have developed a sign language so that, for example, their owners fill their bowl of food or water, take them for a walk, check the door, or pet them.
What is a dog?
Dogs have lived in this world for thousands of years, with their first human contact being 30 thousand years ago. On this date, wild wolves approached human beings looking for garbage and waste to feed themselves. Men decided to feed them with quality food in exchange for protection of their cattle, houses, and business, as well as assistance in hunting.
Dogs are animals that belong in the Canid family, along with wolves, coyotes, hyenas, and foxes. They have four limbs, a strong and extended snout, robust body, and fur that adapts to the weather. They also have a wide sense of smell, hearing, and sight, often doubling or multiplying human being’s senses.
Dogs are amazing pets since they have the gift of always being alongside their owner. They follow their owners anywhere, obey orders, are friendly, and get along with family and other animals.
Initially, “dogs” were wild wolves, which evolved due to the reproduction of different specimens when towns started to disperse throughout the world. Dogs began to adapt to their new habitats, even modifying their size, fur, and personality depending on their chosen work.
A dog can be a companion or a pet, a pest hunter, a small and medium-sized creature hunter, a sheep and bovine cattle guide and a guard dog, protector of lands and homes.
Small dogs, in comparison to large dogs, have a greater life expectancy. On average, a dog can live from 8 to 15 years, although there are cases in which they have lived 20 years.
What do dogs eat?
If you are constantly worrying about the proper feeding of your pets and you ask yourself, what can I feed a dog? We will explain to you which foods are best for them and which foods they cannot eat.
Beneficial food for dogs
Dogs are omnivorous, meaning that they can eat vegetables, eggs, flours, and meats. They are capable of eating without an issue properly shredded fish, lamb, bovine or poultry, lettuce, rice, banana, carrot, spinach, and other foods from these groups. Do not forget fruits, since many dogs enjoy pears and melons.
Foods that in excess can be harmful to dogs
Dogs should not eat the following foods in excess, or certain parts of these aliments should be removed to avoid toxic effects on their body:
- Pineapple: They can only eat a little.
- Junk food: Just a little, avoid excess since it can cause allergies.
- Potatoes: They are toxic when raw. Dogs can eat cooked potatoes in moderation.
- Watermelon: Only give a few small pieces.
- Cheese: It is not convenient to give a dog a lot of cheese.
- Fungi: Some fungi are not bad for dogs, but you must inform yourself beforehand.
- Tomatoes: Small pieces, only to flavor a meal.
- Broccoli: In moderation.
- Bread: In moderation.
- Strawberries: In moderation.
Foods that you should not give to your dog
You should never consider giving your dog the following foods, as it could intoxicate them, or they can develop a strong allergic reaction to their components. From a lesser to greater gravity degree order, these are the most harmful foods for dogs:
- Beer (alcohol)
- Gummies (sweets)
- Apple seeds
- Dried fruits
What is the habitat of a dog?
Initially, the habitat of a dog (or «wild wolves»), was areas with water and small or medium-sized mammals, as well as birds they could easily hunt. After this, humans appeared in their lives, which in exchange for caring for their cattle, homes, and being life partners, gave them food. Without much effort and danger, this was a perfect relationship.
Dogs used to be carnivores, meaning they did not eat any plants or vegetables they obtained all of their food from other animals. Nevertheless, with the arrival of men, they began to be omnivorous, adapting to the living conditions humans offered them.
There are several groups of dogs that have had different jobs throughout their lives, and these jobs depended on the habitat where they grew and reproduced. Thanks to these constant life cycles, they were adapting to the climatic conditions and the environment, making their body, fur, and size vary compared to dogs from other habitats.
Habitat of a Nordic dog
Nordic dogs helped humans transport food and different supplies from one town to another in the icy areas. Consequently, these dogs have a thick coat and are extremely strong, robust, and large. Some races of this type are Samoyed, Siberian husky, and Alaskan malamute.
Habitat of a sheepdog or cattle dog
Sheepdogs were the ones trained and socialized by farmers. They fulfill the task of chasing away sheep and cows predators, while they can also guide cattle. They live on farms with green and open spaces. Some of these dogs are the Border collie, Brie Shepherd and the varieties of Belgian shepherds.
Habitat of a companion dog
People used to get a dog in ancient times to keep them company. However, they could also hunt rats and other vermin that infested homes. From this combination, terrier dogs were born, becoming respectable hunters and accustomed to small lands or home interiors.
Habitat of a hunting dog
Hunting dogs helped men to hunt small and medium-sized mammals in open spaces full of obstacles. They usually lived in these same spaces with their owner, and also were guard dogs or forest rangers. A clear example is the pointer.
Baby dogs go through different stages until they become adults. These stages divide into four fundamental periods, and we will introduce them to you.
Stages in the growth of a puppy
How are newborn baby dogs?
The first stage is from birth to the first two weeks of age. During this stage, baby dogs are fragile, tiny, and have their eyes closed. They will be sleeping almost all day, and you will be lucky if you see them awake. Obviously, they cannot see, and only react to the movement, and warmth of their mother, thus they will want to be close to her.
The mother will lick their private parts to stimulate defecation and urination, and also encourage them to walk. If the mother does not do this, you can do it.
How are baby dogs in transition?
After two weeks, the puppies will start to open their eyes and see what is near them. Their vision is still very limited at this age. Therefore, you should not be afraid if they do not react to your presence or other visual incentives. They will also begin to hear and interact more with their mother and siblings. During this phase, you may play with them, and other people can touch them carefully. Consequently, they will get used to the manipulation, smell, and presence of other people.
You may notice in several breeds that their eyes are blue, even though this only happens during the first months of life. Afterward, they will acquire their final color.
How are baby dogs in their socialization stage?
This stage is the last one they will live as puppies and happens between their 21 days of age to three months later.
At this stage, they will get used to the presence of humans and will gain a lot of weight as well as show the main traits of their breed. During this stage, they will be active, playful, and eager to explore.
During this stage, they will develop their personality thanks to his active senses and ability to communicate a strong. Additionally, they will become docile and friendly.