Schnauzer: Your New Pet
The Schnauzer is a small-sized and elegant dog, characterized for being affectionate, friendly and it has an intelligence higher than the average.
The Schnauzers have as principal feature their long beard and brows. They possess a double coat of hair, the external or protection coat is harsh, and the internal coat that is soft. They are the result of the cross of the Standard Schnauzer, Poodle and Affenpinscher breeds.
It is native from Wurtemberg, Germany. Its name derives from the relation between the German words Schnauze and Schnauzbart, which mean snout and mustache respectively. These were bred to shepherd but when they noticed their natural inclination for hunting rats and small farm animals, they started reducing their size and orientate the crosses to obtain a breed focus on this activity. They used them for military purposes during World War I and II.
According to their size, they divide into three types:
- Miniature Schnauzer – measures between 30 and 36cm and weighs between 5,4 and 9Kg.
- Standard Schnauzer – measures between 44 and 50cm and weighs between 14 and 20Kg.
- Giant Schnauzer – measures between 58 and 71cm and weighs between 25 and 48Kg.
The miniature Schnauzers loose little hair and have been classified as hypoallergenic (that is, they do not tend to cause allergies) by the American Kennel Club. However, you have to brush it daily because their hair tends to form knots. It is important to keep them clean, especially in the ears area since, in case you do not take care of them, the dog could suffer from otitis or other diseases.
They could have diverse colors, black and silver, solid black, gray and white, pure white, among others. Despite their small size, they are very strong and possess a great spirit of overcoming, which is ideal to go on excursions and to practice sports with them.
The Schnauzer live on average between 12 and 14 years, they can weigh between 4 and 8 kg.
The packs of these Schnauzer dogs tend to be numerous, and in general, they feed artificially. Generally, shortly after they born, they cut their tails, besides, some people also cut their ears when they are between 60 and 90 days of life. These animals do not tolerate cow milk. Therefore, if at some moment they need to receive more calcium, they have to do it through some specific medicament or some special powder product for dogs.
The Schnauzer dogs are territorial and loyal, they distrust strangers and they give themselves to their family or owner in body and soul. They are ideal for families with small children or families that already have other dogs since they are very noble and balanced. They are protective by nature, therefore they are attentive to any anomaly in the environment to be able to notify their owners opportunely.
They must train since they are little since this characteristic could make them bark uncontrollably.
They need to do a lot of exercise outside so they can release the excess of energy and prevent that they become hyperactive, excessively barkers or apply their vitality to perpetrate destructive ideas such as making holes in the garden, scape, or bite things in the house. It is a dog with a lot of energy that enjoys both quietness and playing, depending on the moment. It is important to keep them busy. They are fast and easy to learn tricks.
Due to their tendency to bark when they hear strange sounds, they are good guardian dogs. When this dog sees something unusual it will bark unstoppably just like if they see a bigger dog. They do not care about the difference in size, therefore, they are brave dogs.
The International Cynological Federation does not allow the cross between varieties of color, which has reduced the improvements in the white, black and silver black color varieties since most of the breeders that follow the standard of the breed, focus on the salt and pepper variety.
In 1933, the American Kennel Club recognized the Miniature Schnauzer as a different breed from the Standard Schnauzer and it became the third breed more popular in the United States. Currently, is one of the favorite breeds for the company of families and they use it as a guardian dog and police dog on many occasions.
This breed has obtained titles in the obedience contests in competitions. In the United States, the first Schnauzer in winning a title of Utility Dog (UD) was Ch. Mein Herr Schnapps UD, a miniature specimen whose owner wrote, “A good-trained dog is a whole pleasure”.
Since the 50s, more than 120 American Miniature Schnauzer has won titles as in the beauty area as in obedience. Fifteen specimens have not only obtained a champion title in beauty but they have also obtained their titles of Utility Dog. More than ten Schnauzer dogs have obtained the title of UCX (Utility Dog Excellence).
Besides, they also stand out in the agility contests where they teach them to run circuits with fences, stairs, jumps and various obstacles
History and Origin of the Schnauzer
It is not known precisely the year or the period in which the Schnauzer appeared. Some people mention stories of farmers and artisans who toured the 14th Century Germany with their merchandise, and they used these dogs to guard them on the villages where they arrived. Since it was a dog large enough to be noticed if any dangerous situation occurred. At the same time, they were small enough to transport them on carts when they moved from one place to another.
This is the most popular story about the origins of the breed, thus it is supposed to be the most real or the closest one to the reality.
Another indication of the antiquity of the breed is represented in Alberto Durero’s paintings, the most outstanding one is the piece named Virgin with many animals, painted in 1492. Durero, evidently, must have had a Schnauzer, since his posterior pieces seem to show the same dog as it grew old. This means that the Schnauzer as we know it has at least 500 years of antiquity in Europe.
Many artists of the time represented the Schnauzer on their paintings, thus we know that it was a much-appreciated dog because it is not a casualty that they represented them in so many paintings. Lucas Cranach represented the dog in a tapestry in the year 1501, and in others of his pieces, we can see similar dogs to the Schnauzer. However, the most famous painter to represent this little dog on his pieces was Rembrandt, who dedicated to painting this breed on his pieces many times. During the 18th century, the painter Sir Joshua Reynolds represented them in one of his paintings.
The Schnauzer is known as Mittelschanauzer in Germany and Standard Schnauzer in the United States of America, and medium Schnauzer in other parts of the world. There has been a lot of confusion with the miniature and the giant specimens but the reality is that they are three different breeds that share certain features but that belong to different types.
Both the Miniature Schnauzer and the Giant Schnauzer are very similar. Clearly, the breeders created different breeds, the reason why “Schnauzer” is their last name. This name was probably established in the period when they were less known and they were called this way for having hair in the snout.
The hard-hair Pinscher (the name for which they were known back then) was exposed for the first time in the third international canine exposition of Hannover in the year 1879. Three specimens were exposed and one of them was named Schnauzer and from that moment on, the breed has been known with that name.
In Germany, where the breed originated, the three Schnauzer breeds belong to the same club of the canine society and still belong there nowadays, although they are carefully bred separately to maintain the pureness of the breed. In the United States, the Standard Schnauzer is bred and exhibit with its Miniature cousin, among the utility dogs.
The Schnauzer was used during World War I as part of the Red Cross and as mail dogs by the German army. Its principal characteristics, small size, obedience, and intelligence, just like the facility to train them, make them much-appreciated dogs during this hard period.
Although in the period before the war, they exported some Schnauzer and they started to be known in some parts of the world, it was not until after the World War II when the soldiers that got back to their homes took with them specimens of these dogs that they got to appreciate. Therefore, the presence of the Schnauzer multiplied exponentially in countries where it was not so famous and it became a domestic dog very appreciated after the war.
In the United States, the breed earned popularity very quickly and in the year 1925, the Schnauzer Club of America was created. In the beginning, they presented the miniature and the standard together but later they presented them as two different breeds. To the date, many clubs sponsored by the national canine society have appeared and the popularity of the Schnauzer has increased in North America.
The Schnauzer has never had the same popularity of the miniature and the giant Schnauzer. However, and due to a small group of enthusiast amateurs, there has been a little increase. In the year 2000, around 300 puppies were born in the United Kingdom, which represents only around 1% of the complete canine population.
This current lack of popularity has made the job of finding a Schnauzer puppy not so easy.
The aspiring owners must wait patiently to obtain a puppy, especially if the sex of the animal is an issue that they consider important.
Characteristics of the Breed
The Schnauzer is a miniature, medium, and giant dog breed, with a well-distributed musculature, strong and agile. The Miniature Schnauzer does not measure more than 36 cm of height, while the medium one has a height of 45 to 50 cm, finally, the giant dog can measure from 60 to 70 cm of height.
The weight of each specimen depends on the size. The miniature version has an ideal standard weight of 4 to 8 kg, the medium from 14 to 20 kg and the giant from 37 to 45 kg.
Schnauzer loves exercising and being busy with fun activities. They also love eating a lot so you must control the intake and prevent overweight in the future. They need to drain the excess of energy every day to feel comfortable and quiet. If you live in an apartment, you have to dedicate time to take the dog out to exercise in open spaces like, for example, a square so it can play and run as much as it wants.
It possesses an elongated and squared head, well-proportioned according to its body.
Its high-insertion ears have a triangular shape at its ends and descend at the end. If you choose to cut them, they will be straight up.
Its fur must possess gray, black or white tones. There are dark gray tones with lighter hairs, this type of fur is commonly known as salt and pepper. Its external coat of hair is much softer and silkier.
The hair of the brows and beard is longer than the fur of the rest of the body, giving the dog a unique appearance. This is the most outstanding characteristic of the breed since you can identify the dog easily by it.
Its tail is small and short, slightly curved up.
The Schnauzer has a life expectancy of approximately 14 years, for which it is a dog with average life expectancy.
When a Schnauzer is only a few months old, you have to take special care of it and watch over it. They feed on the milk their mom gives them through lactation. You have to watch that the whole pack of newborn puppies obtain milk from their mom in the same quantity, this is fundamental during the first month of life since it affects directly the development of their growth.
If the mother does not produce enough milk for the whole pack, you can use other methods such as specially formulated milk for puppies or a plan of special feeding, in any case, you have to consult it with a veterinarian.
The newborn puppies are not able to maintain their body heat, thus they look for being close to their mother. Therefore, you have to procure that they are in a warm environment. You also have to maintain an adequate level of illumination.
When the pup starts walking, playing and it develops curiosity for everything, it will be time to start with some training. This breed is characterized for being very intelligent, thus, it will obey what you command in a short time, most of the time. Since it is a puppy, it will have much more energy and it may cause problems like destroying papers, shoes or things that they can reach since its teeth are coming out and with this, its desire to bite everything it sees.
To prevent bad behavior, you must scold it firmly, not shouting or using violence, but guiding it to do what is right always so in the future, it will be a dog with the balanced and right behavior. Show it your disapproval firmly when it does something wrong, showing it the damage it caused. This way, the dog will understand that this type of acts are forbidden.
You also have to instruct the puppy on where it will release itself. You have to look for a specific place so it gets used to do it there, or you can teach them to do it in the moments of getting out of the house.
A puppy will have many whims and one of them could be getting on the sofas, beds or chairs. You must not let the dog do it if you do not want this conduct in the future.
During this period, you have to spend time playing, pampering and talking to the puppy, all this will make it very happy since it loves the company of its owner. You also have to introduce all members of the family to your pet to strengthen the relationships.
Diet and Alimentation of the Schnauzer
The Schnauzerneeds a balanced diet according to its nutritional needs. You always have to keep in mind its feeding rate and schedules so you do not make mistakes. This breed is glutton by nature so you must control the amount of food you give it so it does not eat so much thus affecting its weight. For an adult is best to separate the daily meals into two portions.
Although this dog is voracious with food, it is not the same with water since it knows how to administrate it well so it can drink the necessary. It is important that its cup is clean and the water fresh. You have to change the water every day.
There are many options for the food you can use, an example would be the natural food and processed food.
There are a variety of brands and qualities of processed food for dogs, some types can result in benefits for the dog. However, in many cases, these dry croquettes are not the Schnauzer’s favorites so it could be hard to make it eat them easily. Another disadvantage is that in many cases this food does not possess the necessary nutrients that the pet needs so you would have to look for a second option for foods.
An alternative to these meals is natural unprocessed food, this keeps all nutrients intact but it may result hard to balance the portions of each meal so it effectively sustains the schnauzer but it still is a good option for meals.
You can also combine both options but you have to keep in mind that is possible that the pet prefers more natural food and leave the processed one. In this case, it is better to get the dog used to croquettes because, on some occasions, natural food could cause stomach problems.
There are some advises that you can follow if you want a quality diet:
- If you feed them with artificial croquettes, the best thing you can do is choose a good-quality brand. It is recommendable to check the table of contents to see if it is good or not for your dog. The high range of processed food is usually more expensive than normal but these have a good balance in its nutrients.
- In case you want to change the food to croquettes, you have to do it little by little. If you do it too quickly, it could cause stomachache and diarrhea to the dog. There is even more risk if the dog is a puppy.
- Cow milk is not recommendable for it. Most of Schnauzer dogs do not tolerate it very well. Therefore, if the dog needs more calcium, you could appeal to cheeses, yogurts or even supplements. In the case of orphan puppies that still drink milk, it is better to take it to the veterinarian so he can prescribe some powdered milk formula for dogs.
- You have to establish a daily limit of the quantity of food your dog eats since the Schnauzer can easily eat more than it needs because of his ravenous appetite. If we let the dog eat all it wants, in a short time, it could develop overweight.
There is harmful food for our Schnauzer. If we give them these products, it could cause the dog different diseases, among them, we find stomachache, vomits and diarrhea in mild cases.
In other more serious circumstances, we find intestinal obstructions, kidney problems, and even death. Some of these foods are garlic, sweet snacks, sugar, coffee, chocolate, raw egg, nuts, tomatoes, grapes, avocado, onion, etc.
There are also other allowed foods to add to its daily diet like lentils, fruits such as grapefruit, nuts, and some vegetables such as carrots, lettuce, broccoli, cauliflower, beets, celery, and seaweed. Also, meats like chicken, fish, and lamb.
In case it is a puppy on its first months of life, the best thing is to let it feed on the milk its mother gives it.
When the pup starts leaving its mother’s breast, you can start introducing the food. The croquettes must be moistened since the pup is too little to chew them.
During the first 3 months, they must consume from 150 to 200 gr of moistened food divided into four daily portions.
During the 4th and 5th months, they must eat 250 gr of dry food on average, divided into three daily portions.
In the 6th and 7th month, they will need a portion of 300 to 400 gr, divided into two portions a day.
Lastly, from the 8th month on, the dog will need 300 gr divided into two daily portions.
The behavior of the Schnauzer with Humans
The Schnauzer has a playful, affectionate and affable character, it loves sharing with the family so it is ideal for those who have children. It has a lot of energy so it can play a lot of time with them without getting tired.
It is very loyal and attached to its owner. It will always have love and time for him.
These dogs are aware of everything that happens around them so if they perceive something strange in the environment or if there is someone who is not from the family or a stranger, they will not hesitate to bark to alert their owner. They have a strong guardian instinct along with a territorial attitude so it is an alert and attentive dog.
It is very smart so every day it will give you positive experiences. It has a very good way of communicating so you can establish a strong affectionate bond with it.
The Schnauzer dogs are naturally very friendly but some exceptions should socialize frequently to leave behind their bad behavior. You can seize the walks out and the visits to other houses to train it. If the dog does not trust the people who are visiting the house, a family member or a stranger, it is best to go slowly but firmly at every step.
To get the dog used to their presence, you have to leave it in a space with that person but keeping a little distance. This way, the dog will realize that the person is not a threat. After this, you can introduce it to the physical contact with the stranger, starting with a little pamper to recognize the person as someone affectionate that has no intention to hurt it.
For the dog to learn to relate with people, it will take its time, so you have to be very patient.
Its personality is molded according to the experiences and treatments it has received, so if the dog was bothered or mistreated it is difficult for it to trust that person again. Do not expect friendly treatment from the dog in these cases.
This dog is distrustful with strangers since it classifies them as a danger for its home and its family.
On occasions, the Schnauzer puppies can show fear or distrust with strangers, whether by ignorance or by other reasons. The best is to introduce them little by little into socialization, doing this early can bring beneficial results in the future.
Walks out are a great option to get the dogs to involve with other people. It is good to practice this from a young age so in the future when they are adults, they have no problem with visits or strangers.
Its temperament and personality forms during its first months of life so you have to provide it all possible resources so it relates well. Therefore, it will learn quickly to coexist in harmony with others.
On the other side, if an adult Schnauzer has not had the necessary socialization or any socialization at all, it could have problems to relate normally. In this case, it has to socialize little by little, making walks out and meeting new people a daily habit.
A negative consequence that adults who have not been socialized have is territoriality and distancing. This can lead them to be distrusting and in worst cases, aggressive with strangers. Therefore, the socialization since they are puppies is the most adequate thing to do so they can be adults with a balanced personality.
If you have perseverance and mostly patience, you can train the dog in a shorter period but you have to keep in mind that an adult Schnauzer needs more time and dedication than a puppy, since during its first months it did not receive this type of guidance and consequently acquired bad attitudes.
In case it starts to growl in the presence of someone unknown, you have to correct this behavior firmly saying a strong “No”, not screaming or hurting it. Instinctively after this, the Schnauzer will rethink if the stranger is actually a threat. When the dog behaves correctly in the presence of strangers, you have to recognize its good attitude with positive reinforcement, whether with a snack or pamper. This will show the Schnauzer that every time it repeats the action, you will reward it.
In the beginning, a good attitude would be being with the stranger without showing a distant attitude or distrust. When the dog is already more socialized, it will relate more naturally and empathically.
For Schnauzer dogs, socialization is an important subject since with it they can relate much more easily in the environment that surrounds them.
The behavior of the Schnauzer with other dogs
Most of the time the Schnauzer is very sociable and it relates easily in an environment with other dogs. This breed characterizes for having a friendly behavior with anyone around them. However, the Schnauzer has a territorial character so it is necessary to socialize it regularly.
This dog has a strong sense of protecting the family so on occasions it might get defensive.
A Schnauzer needs from early socialization if you want to prevent that it has problems in the future. Usually, while they are puppies they are not distrusting or insecure since their temperament is still forming. They are full of curiosity for knowing others of their same species.
To socialize a puppy, there are some things you have to keep in mind
- Having all the vaccines is something primordial if you are going to take it out for it to meet other dogs since some of these could have some disease and the pup, for being young, it is very susceptible to them.
- It is important to look for calmed and peaceful pets so they can relate more quietly and the moment will be more pleasant for our Schnauzer. Hyperactive, territorial or aggressive pets can leave a bad impression of socialization to out puppy, and consequently, this could refuse to have contact with other dogs or get isolated.
- Pets with similar size and age are the best ones in relating since they tend to have more things in common. It is more adequate to introduce our Schnauzer to socialization with these pets to prevent problems. Later, when the dog has some more experience, it will socialize with pets of bigger or smaller sizes.
- The walks out must be in wide areas of low territoriality from other dogs. Parks and places in the streets are usually a great option. These are public areas where many dogs can meet without believing that it is their territory.
- To start a good relationship with other pets, you have to let them identify and smell each other to meet. Dogs manage many things through the smell so this is an important step to succeed. We have to give our Schnauzer the freedom to relate to the pets it likes.
- It is also important to involve our Schnauzer with other animals so in the future when it is an adult, it does not have a bad reaction.
If the Schnauzer is no longer a pet and it has not received the necessary socialization or it has not socialized at all, you will have to introduce it little by little since it could have different reactions to this new experience.
Going out with your dog could be a problem if it is not used to the presence of other dogs. In this case, during the first walks, it is best to keep it a little isolated from the other dogs since if our Schnauzer has certain territoriality, it could act distrusting or even aggressive in some cases. After it has a certain experience, you have to let it smell around and find another dog with which it feels good. It is important that the dog feels comfortable since this much on how it develops its taste for socialization.
If our Schnauzer growls in some moment or acts a bit aggressive, you have to reprehend this behavior with a firm “no” and a disapproving attitude. This will show the dog that it is not ok to show that conduct with other dogs. You always have to be aware of its attitude in the presence of other pets since it did not have a fluid development in socialization when it was a puppy. This period is the time where you could have predicted better its next movements.
If our pet responds well to the social stimulation of the others, we have to reward it to let it know that it did right.
One of the methods is giving it a snack each time it behaves well, this results very attractive to it so it will want to do what is necessary to obtain it. However, a negative aspect of these is that most of the times they are not healthy for the general diet of our dog.
Another option that you can apply is pampering. Procure to pamper and talk to your dog when it behaves well. This way you will strengthen more the affective bond with it besides being a good reinforcement and a positive motivation.
Health and General Care
The Schnauzer needs a lot of care regarding its hair. For being so woolly, this dog needs to be cleaned and groomed regularly. A specimen possesses an external coat of hair and an internal one that, besides being esthetically nice, gives it benefits such as protection against cold and solar radiation. A characteristic of its fur is that it does not tend to fall, this detail makes it hair require more care than other breeds.
The external coat of hair is the one we can see at the naked eye. It has a hard and rough texture, it is the principal protection coat that the Schnauzer possess. This hair needs regular brushings to prevent the accumulation of dust and knots.
The internal coat of fur is underneath the external. This sub-hair has a softer and more tender texture than the external hair, similar to cotton. This hair has a thin coat of natural oil that protects the Schnauzer’s skin from dryness. Although it is hard to distinguish, this also possesses a tough, short and thick hair, this does not fall and it is not renewable. Therefore, if at some moment you decide to shave the dog, this hair will not grow again and this coat will only have the soft fur, this could cause complications to the cleaning of the fur.
It requires daily brushings to retire the death hair and lint that has stuck to them.
They also need baths in some occasions, one each month would be enough for medium and large-sized Schnauzer dogs, while, for the miniature-sized ones, each bath would have an interval of 10 to 15 days since these are more prone to accumulate dust, dirt, and sand on their hair.
The Schnauzer is prone to have different health problems. Their digestive system is one of the more prone areas to present problems for its sensibility, just like their skin.
You also have to check its weight periodically since it tends to develop overweight due to irregularities on its alimentation. Along with this, it can develop cholesterol problems and fats present in the blood, and consequently, it could develop cardiac problems. Therefore, you have to give it the necessary physical activity every day.
Pancreatitis is also a problem relatively common in this breed. This disease is directly linked to the digestive system. The intake of fatty foods inflames the pancreas.
The Schnauzer is very susceptible to react to these foods. The most common symptoms of this disease are vomiting, diarrhea, paralysis due to pain in the abdominal area, and sedentary life.
Since it has so much hair, the Schnauzer is prone to get dirty and accumulate dust, so you must clean it regularly. If you do not do this, it can develop allergies on the skin. Allergic dermatitis is usually one of the most common problems, it characterizes by itching in the affected areas and it can lead to hair loss and swelling in severe cases.
There is also another type of dermatitis they can suffer, called follicular dermatitis. You can identify this by the presence of clogged pores or blackheads on the surface of the skin. Another characteristic of this type of dermatitis is inflammation and bump in the pores of the skin.
Another disease that Schnauzer dogs could have is hip dysplasia. Large and medium-sized specimens are more prone to develop this disease due to their dimensions.
This medical condition characterizes by a malformation that progressively damages the union of the femur bone with the coccyx. This inconvenience usually appears more frequently in the development period of the dog. To identify this disease, you must observe if the dog presents pain, limps or if there is less mobility in the affected zone.
A not too frequent but very delicate disease is hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. This characterizes for a large inflammation in the intestine along with hemorrhage. Schnauzer may present this problem between 2 and 4 years of age. It has symptoms such as vomits and diarrhea very often, so it would need hydration and nutrients intravenously.
It is very important to take care of our Schnauzer’s health so it can enjoy a happy and full life. To protect it from these diseases, the dog needs a quality feeding, visits to the veterinarian, meet vaccination dates and spend time with the dog to exercise it and to give it company.
How to train or educate a Schnauzer
The Schnauzer needs a firm and complete training at all times. A specimen that has not received the necessary training, can turn into a big problem for the quietness of the house.
One of the first things you must have is patience. The dog will not learn immediately any order that you command. Schnauzer dogs have prodigious intelligence but it also has to practice and reinforce the orders so it does not forget them. It needs time so it can learn a complete exercise or command, so the best you can do is being perseverant and patient.
A very necessary issue in training is showing our leadership above the dog since the beginning. This, for the dog, is establishing our principal role in the pack so it starts seeing us as an alpha leader. This way, it will have more respect and attention to what we command.
A way to show our leadership is not letting the dog get ahead on the walks pulling the belt forward. Many times, this behavior makes us follow the dog’s rhythm and not ours during walks out. The second option would be to let it walk beside us so it has the role of the follower.
Another alternative is that at mealtimes you let it watch you eat first before giving it its food. You also have to apply leadership when it goes out in a way we cross the door first, and not the dog.
So that at the beginning of the training there are no problems with understanding or difficulties, the best is starting with basic orders. Some of them could be looking at an object that we throw, sitting, staying still or giving you its paw. If you start with too advanced orders, possibly, the Schnauzer will not learn them and it could lose interest in practicing them.
It is extremely important to follow a continuous rhythm during the first days of an order’s training so it can be familiarized with this practice. Later, when it has already learned some simple orders, you can start with something more complex.
After training for a while and learning what we wanted it to learn, our Schnauzer needs to rest. It is completely harmful to our dog if we force it more than we should. The dog has a limit. Likewise, there is an interval of time where it will be easier that it pays us attention. A standard time of training for exercise is from 10 to 15 minutes, if you exceed that time, is possible that the Schnauzer gets bored and does not follow the orders we want.
Good motivation for the dog when following orders is the way you reward it. Positive reinforcement is a great option in these cases since it encourages the dog through pampering and rewards, which makes it very effective.
Some moments to use it is when the dog completes a command and finishes the training with a good result. Using snacks or other types of food that the dog likes is a good alternative, but the dog will end up getting used to it if you use it too much. It could get to the point of not wanting to follow an order if you do not give it a snack. Therefore, is better to stimulate it with pampering.
It is very important not to put in practice a training based on violence and screams. This will reflect in the character of the dog and will affect it negatively, making it insecure and distrusting, besides, it will make the training longer.
A primordial characteristic of good training is firmness. An example of this would be when you teach the Schnauzer not to get into the kitchen. If after some days you let it get in, it will lose that discipline and when you want to retake the command in the future, the dog will not follow it. Happens the same with the subject of the spoken commands, if, for example, you teach it the order of giving the paw with only the word “paw” and then you say “give me the paw” you could create confusion between both.
For the learning to be fast and effective, it needs complete attention in the exercise from both the Schnauzer and the owner. Distractions can prolong the learning process. You have to look for a quiet space with not much noise or people traffic, this way it will be more comfortable.
You have to keep in mind that training since the dog is a puppy is the best option so during its future development, the routine is easier and familiar for it.
Ideal Environment for the Schnauzer
The case of the Schnauzer is very particular since the breed has three sizes, the miniature version, that reaches as maximum 36 cm of height to the shoulders, the medium one, which can get to the 50 cm of height, and the large version, that can get to measure some amazing 70 cm from the floor to its shoulders.
Due to this, we will recommend you an ideal environment for each one of these Schnauzer’s sizes.
Ideal Environment for a Miniature Schnauzer
The Miniature Schnauzer dogs are adorable and much demanded as pets. These can live perfectly inside the house, in an apartment or in places that are not very spacious. However, there is a problem, if well they can live in closed spaces, this does not mean that they like to remain much time without seeing the sun.
If you are going to adopt a Miniature Schnauzer (or any dog in general) make sure you have enough time to go to walk with it. Do not let it go out on its own since it is a dog with no experience on exteriors and a fatal accident could occur if it does not know how to dodge a car or a motorcycle.
It is also a very beautiful dog and someone may want to steal it or “adopt it” if it has no collar. Offering it a good dose of outdoor exercise, or at least every two days, the miniature Schnauzer will feel happy with its environment. It will feel close to you and since you take it out for walks periodically, it can stretch its legs, run and play.
Ideal Environment for a Medium Schnauzer
A medium Schnauzer has more or less the same necessities than the miniature version. However, since it is bigger and taller than the miniature, it will need more exercise and more free space. A closed area, a house, apartment or any zone that puts limits to its space, will not be enough for it to live comfortably.
We recommend you to adopt a medium Schnauzer to live in interiors if you are an active person with enough free time to dedicate to this breed. They need daily walks of approximately 30 minutes to be quiet and not getting their destructive side out due to anxiety, depression or boring for being locked in the house all the time.
If on the contrary, you cannot give enough time to your medium Schnauzer, then allow it to be in a small-medium garden, where it can have fun on its own while you come home from work or finish your tasks.
Remember that independently of if it lives in the garden or inside the house, you will always have to pay it daily attention for it not to feel sad or nervous.
Ideal Environment for a Giant Schnauzer
A giant Schnauzer is a different case from the two versions we talked about before since this is a giant breed with punctual space necessities.
The Giant Schnauzer cannot live inside the house, it is too big to live inside the house and there could be problems when controlling it to release itself, which could derivate in an unpleasant scenario that must be cleaned with some effort.
It is not recommendable that a giant Schnauzer lives inside the house since it could also destroy decorations, snoop where it should not and break things that in general would not be on the reach of any other dog. It is not strange to see a giant Schnauzer sneaking out of the plate of its master just because it found attractive the smell of the food.
The giant Schnauzer must live in the garden and this must be wide so it can pursue birds, have fun running when it wants, and principally, feel master and lord of these lands. This way, the dog will feel like home and along with the interaction that you offer it as its owner, it will feel comfortable coexisting with the family because it will feel part of the same.
General tips when arranging the environment for a Schnauzer
Before adopting a beautiful Schnauzer, you will have to arrange and get different dog furniture to ensure its comfort and its right alimentation. Among the furniture we suggest are:
- Dog house
- Water and food plate
- Eatable toys (especially when they are puppies)
- Areas to excavate/dig up treasures
You also have to keep in mind that these accessories for your Schnauzer are not in a place where they can flood, get sun all day or get dirty with sand, especially the plates of water and food. Finally, make sure you change its water daily and refill its plate of food twice a day or give it a generous portion if you do not have time for a second portion.